There are more or less four modes (categories):
Descriptive, Narrative, Expository, and Persuasive
Descriptive writing describes an object, place, or person in a way that creates a vivid impression in the reader's mind, enabling the reader to visualize what is being described, and to feel that he/she is very much part of the writer's experience. Descriptive writing is characterized by the following:
Elaborate use of sensory details (often those that others might overlook) that enrich or define the central impression;
Details which go beyond the general, e.g., The house was big and nice;
Details which enable the reader to picture or relive what the writer is telling, e.g., The massive brick structure sprawled across a quarter acre of ground and rose more than sixty feet into the air.
Descriptive writing appears almost everywhere, from cookbooks to poems. A writer might use a description to introduce a character in a narrative or to create a strong closing to a persuasive essay. Whatever the form, its purpose is to describe.
No matter how the description is used, the following guidelines for good descriptive writing will help. Students should
include plenty of details;
use figurative language, if appropriate;
show, not tell;
use precise language.
Sample descriptive writing assignments:
a. Person (e.g. describe the Prophet salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam)
b. Place (e.g. the Kabah, the masjid, a park, a room)
c. Thing (object, a product, .e.g prayer rug, car, favorite fast food meal)
Source: Talibiddeen Jr. 🙂