Here’s a more detailed outline of a sample Phonics teaching routine than in the previous post on this topic. If its too much for one session, you can break it up.
- Recite the alphabet (point and say) in order
- Recite alphabet in order without looking
- Random letter recognition drill (write several letters and have student tell the name and sound)
- Random dictation of letters, student writes (upper and lowercase)
- Sequencing (cards), what letter comes next? before? between?
- Given a phonogram, give its sound (flashcards, quiz game format)
- Read one word for each phonogram learned with that phonogram in it (or select just a few phonograms)
This review can be done before the main lesson or saved for later in the day.
2. New Learning
- Introduce new phonogram and its sound
- Give list of words with the phonogram to read (underline new phonogram in each word; teacher can read first, then student, or have student initially read the list)
- Word Drills: Provide a table of the words in the list repeated over and over in random order for student to read (or place words on steps written on the board, student must read each word (one per step) to advance towards the top.
- Have student read the new words in sentences (teacher created sentences)
3. Optional: Sight words
- Review past sight words
- Give new words
- Give student sentences with new phonogram sound and new and old sight words
4. Practice (Assign as many of the following activities as desired)
- Have student put new words in abc order
- Have stuent sort words by # of letters in words
- Have student fill in the blanks of sentences with an appropriate new word (for younger students: give student a choice of two words that can fit)
- Have student read word and draw a picture
- Have student look at picture and write correct word
- Play Spelling Stairs (write words on stairs and student reads (same thing as the word drills)
- Play Bingo
- Play Tic Tac Toe putting words on the spaces, student must read words to make a move
- Clue game (give student a clue for one of the words in the list, student IDs and writes the word that fits the clue)
- Write the new words in sentences.
- Unscramble sentences with the new words.
5. Grammar (optional)
Find a grammatical concept related to the words and teach (.e.g. your list has a lot of adjectives in them).
6. Wrap Up
Ask student what sound new phonogram makes, read new words again
7. Independent Practice
- Assign more activities from number 4 above
- If alphabetical order is in need of reinforcing, do spelling stairs (student writes):
- Do assisted reading with student sometime during the day; student reads, teacher helps; check comprehension orally.
You can use a modified version of this for teaching Arabic, too, insha Allah.