Category Archives: Alphabet (English)

Vowels Lesson (Identifying) and Worksheets

I put together some resources for teaching what the five vowels are.

This is an oldy, but a poster that I made a few years back:

And new additions that have not yet been added to the main site:

Worksheets – Student circles all vowels in the words; themed.

I made these for my preschooler, he can’t read the words (except maybe ones like cat, dog), but the point is to find the vowels so he really doesn’t need to be able to read them anyway. I made the pages with a theme and I can read the words to him and so it provides the opportunity to discuss the topics and for him to match (mentally) the word with its meaning at least to a small extent.

 This resources is probably good for ages preschool – 1st grade, insha Allah.

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Posted by on June 22, 2009 in Alphabet (English)


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Alphabetical order practice

Simple little activity we did today……..

Get alphabet blocks or letter/alphabet tiles. 

Put into a small tub.

Have student pick out 3 (or more) blocks and place on floor.

Have student put them into alphabetical order.

If your student balks at worksheets, this is a nice, simple activity. You might even use word cards to practice alphabetizing words.  Plus, at TJ’s main site, I have some alphabetical order worksheets/activities for older kids who can alphabetize words.

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Posted by on September 24, 2008 in Alphabet (English)


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Teaching the Alphabet

These are the components I focus on:


· Daily Review

· Recognition/Writing

· Sound

· Capital/lowercase

· Sequencing


Here is a sample routine that can be used. This routine is based upon teaching the letters in alphabetical order.


1. Daily Review

a. Number of letters in alphabet

b. Point to and say all letters of the alphabet in order (using chart)

c. Number of vowels; recite them


2. Recognition

a. Review (daily): Point to random letters or use flashcards; make a note of unknown/non recalled letters

b. Introduce new letter (lowercase only or upper and lower, your choice)

c. Give alphabet drills on the new letter plus a few review letters

d. Show student how to write the letter and let student practice writing the new letter

e. Other ideas: have student look through books and labels for the new letter; give student a coloring activity; out of rows of letters, circle the new letter.

3. Sound

a. Review (daily). Out of the known letter sounds, using flashcards or a chart, ask student the sounds each letter makes.

b. Review (daily):Give student words that start with known letters, student picks the letter that the word starts with (write the letters for student to choose from or use the colored in letters of Alphabet Progress Chart.

c. Introduce sound of new letter, use picture cues

Give student objects or worksheet of things that start with new letter. Student either colors or circles those things that start with the new letter.



4. Lowercase/Upper case

a. At least once a week or so, give student an activity where he must match the uppercase letter to the lower case


5. Sequencing

a. Have student fill in the missing letter or letters of a sequence

b. Daily: Have student write the letters in order (up to the letter they are working on) several times


You can also use this routine for teaching the Arabic alphabet (making modifications as necessary)


Here are a few places to find alphabet activities/worksheets.

Alphabet Pictures

ABC Activities from ABC Teach

Learning Planet

Flashcards (Black and white outline from Beginning Reading)

Flashcards (color; from ABC Teach)


You can also stop by TJ’s Alphabet Page for more links and links to online activities such as alphabet books or learning activities.


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Posted by on March 8, 2008 in Alphabet (English)


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Daily Alphabet Review/Learning Sessions

I like to make up session routines for my younger children. We typically don’t use textbooks in the younger stages and I like to have something consistent to follow. It cuts down on planning time and as we learn new concepts, they can be tacked on for review/practice.


Here is a sample of what we do to review the alphabet and related concepts: (the activities do not have to be all done in one sitting)

Daily Alpha Review:

As reference, I use the alphabet/vowel charts that I made:

  1. Ask student # of letters in alphabet
  2. Point to the letters and recite them (may do more than one time)
  3. Ask student which letters are uppercase/which are lower case
  4. Have student match uppercase letters to lowercase letters (flashcards, worksheet, or just point to a lowercase (or uppercase) letter and have student find its corresponding uppercase (or lowercase) letter.
  5. Ask student what is the 1st letter, 2nd letter, 3rd letter, last letter of the alphabet
  6. Have student name the letter you point to.
  7. Tell student to find the letter …….. (in the chart, in a book, poster, or anywhere in environment)
  8. Give student dictation. Call out a letter or letters, have them write it. Make sure they are forming it correctly.
  9. Sequencing
    1. ask student what comes after the letter/before the letter….(student can look at chart)
    2. Ask student what becomes between two letters (can write with spaces: a ____ c or use flashcards, sowing 2 to three letters at a time a___c or a___.


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Posted by on June 13, 2007 in Alphabet (English)


Teaching the Alphabet

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Teaching the Alphabet

Teaching the alphabet for the first time?

Here are some thoughts that might prove handy, insha Allah.

As with many things in life, there is no one correct way to teach the alphabet and no set age to begin teaching it. Both of these depend on you and your child.  Some children are able to recognize all the letters at 4 or 5.  Some children are still struggling to remember "w" at age six or seven. And the time it takes to learn the alphabet varies as well.  Some children master recognition of the letters quickly and with seemingly little help from you. This tends to be especially true when there are older children who have been taught in the presence of a younger sibling. Other children take several years to fully recognize all letters.

I cannot offer a sure fire, proven method for quickly and easily teaching the alphabet. However, if you are embarking on the journey of teaching the alphabet (or planning to do so in the future), here are some things you may want to consider when preparing to teach those 26 little (and big) letters.

I. Which sequence should I teach the letters in?

Again, there is no right or wrong answer.  Some educators will say that it isn’t good to teach children the alphabet in order. Some will say that you shouldn’t teach letters that sound or look the same too close together. Some will present the letters in a way that you can only guess what their reasoning is.

Here are a few examples of sequences that are taught:

    Alphabetical order

    When I first started homeschooling I read that many teachers did not like to teach the children the alphabet in alphabetical         order because they felt that the children would not be able to recognize the letters out of order. I think that part of this                 stemmed form the fact that children were taught the alphabet song. So I started teaching the letters out of order.  For me, the     problem with this was that I had two separate tasks now: teaching the letters and then going back and teaching alphabetical     order, which would be an important skill later on.  I now personally think that teaching in alphabetical order is a good idea as       in math; we teach children their numerals in order, 1, 2, 3, not 3, 1, 6.  I believe that teaching the alphabet in alphabetical           order and following it up with simple sequencing exercises (i.e. put the letters in order: c a b) would make it easier for                 children later on.  My oldest still has trouble from time to time remembering the correct alphabetical sequence.

An opposing view:

"Learning sequences is particularly hard for many dyslexics. Months of the year, counting to 20 etc can be a real problem. When coupled with an inability to read well, this difficulty with sequencing can be debilitating to the dyslexic student’s confidence. I found that the best approach with many students was to avoid the alphabet in sequence in any form. The alphabet is little use to someone who can’t read. What’s the point in being able to find something in a dictionary if you can’t read what it says? There’s plenty of time for alphabetic organisation once you can read. Taking groups of letter sounds and building these into words is the way to achieve reading success.

Some other sequences/rationale:


 "I usually teach a set of consonants: m,s,p,l,t. Then I teach the vowel A. This way the kids have letter that we can start to put together into words. Those who are ready can start to sound out words. I then teach another set of consonants: b,c,n,f,h. Then comes the next vowel: O. Now the kids have a lot of letters that they can write words with and begin to read. I continue this pattern until all letters have been covered. I don’t think it really matters what order you really teach the letters as long as you don’t go in order. You really can’t read or write any words with the letter a,b,c,d,e…. It would take too onlg before you get to the point where your kids can read and wirte words."

recommend starting with the ones that are easy to hear and say. I’m not sure why they end with E except that it’s such a difficult sound to hear. It hasn’t occurred to me before to change it but next year, I may put E more in the middle."

Kidzone mentions two rationale: reliability and frequency.

                    This of course brings up another topic: teaching just the letters or teaching the letters and the sounds.  I had                             always believed, more or less, that it was too confusing to teach the letter and it’s sound at the same time.The                         downside was that once we had finished letter recognition, I was sick of the alphabet and had to turn around and                         teach the sounds, lol.  It really depends on what your student can handle.

                    AVKO has a rationale for sequencing:

       ABCD (RST Y) EFGH (W) I J K L M N O P Q U V X Z.   (link however is currently not functioning)


                Sometimes children will seem to be interested in a particular letter or certain word, like pizza.  So sometimes I stop                   my plans and focus on that letter or the letters in a particular word:  p-i-z-z-a.  Another approach I have used is to                      start with a child’s name and teach the letters in her name.

II. How to Teach

I personally feel it is better to employ a variety of methods in teaching the alphabet.  Sticking to a set process using the same activities can become cumbersome for a child (and you) and lead to boredom and frustration for the student and the teacher.

  • Some teachers/parents teach a letter of the week. I have sometimes done this. However, some letters come quicker than others and working with the same letter all week becomes boring for the child.  It is, however, one of the most popular methods that I have seen used and you can pick different activities with each letter to make the learning varied. Some teachers use words that start with a particular letter and base activities around those (i.e., M, mittens, so the students make paper mittens, or make cookies for the letter c.)
  • A quick drill that is usually popular around our way:

        I write as word on the board/paper. I pronounce the word and then ask my child to name the letters in that word (vowels if           we gave started identifying those as well.  This is usually popular as I pick words that are fun to them or around them                 (chair, masjid, pizza, candy). If the get the letter wrong, I make sure to correct it.  Sometimes they will want to copy those         words.

  • Sometimes I make up drill sheets that have the letter they are working on plus review letters arranged in several rows of a table. I might draw or place a treat at the end of a drill row. 
  • I also have an alphabet resource page on my site with a few alphabet pintables (such as a color in progress chart for your little one to chart your his progress and links to online alphabet books,  alphabet worksheets and activities.

        Those are just a few thoughts and resources that I thought might be handy if you are just starting out teaching the                     alphabet.  Just remember above all to relax, be flexible, and have fun with your little one(s)!

Happy Learning, insha Allah!


Posted by on April 10, 2007 in Alphabet (English)